By the Civil War, the area that was once the first capital of Maryland was home to almost 60 enslaved African Americans. With names like Biscoe, Butler, Whalen, and Gough, these families worked the fields of John Mackall Brome, one of the largest producers of wheat and tobacco in Maryland’s 1st District, and lived in a row of slave houses on the plantation. After Emancipation, a number of these buildings remained occupied, while other former slaves went elsewhere to investigate their newfound freedom. One of those buildings, a duplex quarter, was occupied by an African American family until the 1960s, and is currently undergoing preservation and interpretive efforts to tell the story of its inhabitants. This lecture by Dr. Terry P. Brock, now Senior Research Archaeologist at The Montpelier Foundation, will present some of the results of his dissertation work, completed at Michigan State University, and will examine the lives of those who lived and worked on the plantation before, during, and after Emancipation.